[14] Harlan commend on "the grace and dignity of His Highness's demeanor", observing the sense of power he projected, but also that "years of disappointment had created in the countenance of the ex-King an appearance of melancholy and resignation. SHAHAB UDDIN MUHAMMAD SHAH JAHAN I (full title: Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram, Abu'l-Muzaffar Shahab ud-din Muhammad, Sahib-i-Qiran-i-Sani, Shah Jahan I Padshah Ghazi Zillu'llah [Firdaus-Ashiyani]) ruled India from 1628 until 1658. On the death of his first wife, he married Piari Banu Begum,[6] daughter of Azam Khan, the second governor of Bengal during Shah Jahan's reign. A battle took place on 5 January 1659 at the Battle of Khajwa (Fatehpur district, Uttar Pradesh, India), where Shuja was defeated.[18]. George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland, believed that most Afghans would welcome the return of Shuja as their rightful ruler, but in fact by 1838, most people in Afghanistan could not remember him, and those that did remembered him as a cruel, tyrannical ruler whom they absolutely hated. Shuja was murdered in 1661. And in this generation, the House Muzaffar rapidly became a house divided, with brothers and cousins vying with each other (and with neighboring princelings). ... Shuja, Viceroy of Bengal, and Murad Baksh, Viceroy of Gujarat, declared their independence, and marched upon Agra in order to claim their riches. His sons were put to death. Dhaka, a city bursting with history and so rich in culture that most of it goes unnoticed over the hustle bustle of the now thriving metropolis. He was the second son and child of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and his queen Mumtaz Mahal.. Shuja's siblings were Jahanara Begum, Dara Shikoh, Roshanara Begum, Aurangzeb, Murad Baksh, Gauhara Begum and others. In Afghanistan, a blind man by tradition cannot be Emir, and so Shah Shuja's step-brother Mahmud Shah had Zaman blinded, however not killed. Niccolai Manucci wrote: “The date of … Nawab of Oudh Shuja ud Daulah. Padshah Sultan Shuja Shah Abdali Durrani (also known as Shah Shuja, Shoja Shah) (4 November 1785 – 5 April 1842) was ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1803 to 1809. Shahzada Mohammed Sultan Shah Shuja Bahadur(1616 - 1660). He was knighted by Queen Victoria on 6 August 1838, while serving in the 21st India Native Infantry on a mission in Afghanistan, [9] [10] and remained there until his assassination in 1841, during an insurrection in which his younger brother, Charles, was also killed. The place where he stayed in Ludhiana was occupied by the Main Post Office near Mata Rani Chowk and inside it there used to be a white marble stone commemorating his stay there. Shāh Shojāʿ, original name Shojāʿ Mirza, or Shojāʿ-ul-mulk, Shojāʿ also spelled Shujāʿ, (born 1780—died April 1842, Kabul, Afghanistan), shāh, or king, of Afghanistan (1803–10; 1839–42) whose alliance with the British led to his death. She was buried in a separate mau… [22], Shuja's wealth was taken and melted down by Sanda Thudhamma, who took the Mughal princesses into his harem. [17], In 1833 he struck a deal with Maharaja Ranjit Singh of the Punjab: He was allowed to march his troops through Punjab, and in return he would cede Peshawar to the Sikhs if they could manage to take it. Shuja Shah Durrani (also known as Shāh Shujāʻ, Shah Shujah, Shoja Shah, Shujah al-Mulk) (c. 4 November 1785 – 5 April 1842) was ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1803 to 1809. [3] The following year, she gave birth to a daughter and died in childbirth. [11] Shuja stayed first in Ludhiana where he was joined by Zeman Shah in 1821. This made his brothers furious and almost immediately, Shuja and Murad Baksh sought independent provinces and claimed their rightful share. Finally, the latter demanded the hand of Shuja's daughter in marriage, which the prince refused. Afghanistan portal Padshah Sultan Shuja Shah Abdali Durrani (also known as Shah Shuja, Shoja Shah) (4 November 1785 – 5 April 1842) was ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1803 to 1809. [14] Harlan ultimately grew disillusioned with Shuja, writing he did not view him as the "legitimate monarch, the victim of treasonable practices", but rather as "a wayward tyrant, inflexible in moods, vindictive in his enmities, faithless in his attachments, unnatural in his affections. Born on 23 June 1616, he took part, as a prince, in various campaigns and gathered experience both as a military general and an administrator. The ‘capture’ of the famed diamond ‘Koh-i-Noor’ from the Afghan ruler Shah Shuja in Lahore’s Mubarak Haveli by Maharajah Ranjit Singh in 1813, makes interesting reading. He then ruled from 1839 until his death in 1842. [2][verification needed]. In April 1656, Muhammad Sultan was appointed Heir Apparent by his father-in-law Abdullah Qutb Shah, Sultan of Golconda and Hyderabad.. The prince had two hundred soldiers with him, as well as the support of the local Muslims, giving him a good chance at success. [10] In 1660, she fled to Arakan with her husband, sons and daughters. In the intervening years Khurram had taken three other wives, Kandahari Begum (m. 12 December 1609) and Izz un-Nisa Begum (m. 3 September 1617), the daughters of Muzaffar Husain Mirza Safawi and Shahnawaz Khan, son of Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, respectively. Just better. She was the eldest child of Emperor Shah Jahan and his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. He is also known as Shah Jahan I. Shah Shuja (Mughal prince). [11][12] According to another source, one of Shuja's daughters was married to King Sanda Thudhamma. Shah Shuja was born on 23 June 1616, in Ajmer. Rupees 1,60,000 in cash and goods worth one lakh were sent as sachak to the mansion of Mirza Rustam. He signed a treaty with his elder brother, Dara, which left him in control of Bengal, Orissa and a large part of Bihar, on 17 May 1658. Unable to move and being refused provisions at the bazaars, Shuja resolved to attempt to overthrow the king. After an intensive siege, the Mughals captured Chittagong and thousands of Arakanese were taken into slavery. Stanley Lane-Pool, 1971, Aurangzeb, vol.1. Shah Shuja (Bengali: শাহ সুজা, Urdu: شاہ شُجاع ‎), They were easy pickings for the rising Timurid Empire and its eponymous founder. (23 June 1616 – 7 February 1661)[1] was the second son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and Empress Mumtaz Mahal. 120 - The Grave of Shah Shuja in Dharema (district Sargodha) Dharema is a small typical town of Punjab in district Sargodha about 10 kilometers from Sargodha city on Shahpur road. [13] Shuja's grand vizier, Mullah Shakur had grown his hair long to cover up that both his ears had been chopped off while he spoke in the distinctive high-pitched voice of a eunuch; Harlan noted he was lucky as the rest of his body was still intact. Shahzada Sultan Ummid Baksh (1619 -1622). After each defeat, he had to face desertions in his own army, but he did not lose heart. During his time in India, Shuja was imprisoned and forced to give up the Timur Ruby, Koh-i-Noor and the sister diamond dray-i-nur diamond to Ranjit Singh . Renowned for his cruelties, Mubariz al-Din ended his life blinded by his heir, Shah Shuja (or Shah Shujaa). His Majesty Inayat-i-Ilahi Padshah Sultan Shah Shuja ul-Mulk Muhammad Bahadur,Abdali ,Dur-i-Durran, Padshah of Afghanistan: An old sketch work showing Shah-Shuja-ul-Mulk. He was appointed by … [1] He retreated, first to Tandah and then to Dhaka, on 12 April 1660. [17] Shuja was defeated in the Battle of Khajwa on 5 January 1659. Her death had a profound impact on Shah Jahan's personality and inspired the construction of the Taj Mahal, where she was later reburied. He proclaimed himself as King of Afghanistan in October 1801 (after the deposition of his brother Zaman Shah), but only properly ascended to the throne on July 13, 1803. [1] He left Dhaka on 6 May and boarded ships near present-day Bhulua on 12 May heading to Arakan. Jahanara Begum (Persian: جہان آرا بیگم ‎; 23 March 1614 – 16 September 1681) was a Mughal princess and the Padshah Begum of the Mughal Empire from 1631 to 1681. [17], An etching of Bara Katra by Sir Charles D'Oyly in 1823. I pray for the possession of those pleasures which my native country alone can afford". [2] After coming to power in 1803, Shuja ended the blood feud with the powerful Barakzai family and also forgave them. The sixth Mughal emperor was Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan’s sixth child. In the Marinids empire, Assassination of Abu Inan, succession of Abu Bakr Said. He was the governor of Bengal and Odisha and had his capital at Dhaka, in present day Bangladesh. Her body was buried again in a small building on the banks of river Yamuna. [19] Shuja was restored to the throne by the British on August 7, 1839,[20] 30 years after his deposition, but did not remain in power when the British left. During his days of recovery, Dara Shikoh, one of his sons, assumed the role of the ruler. The following year however, suspicious of another coup, Sanda Thudhamma had Shuja's sons decapitated and his daughters (including the pregnant eldest) starved to death. He had suddenly exhumed Mumtaj Mahals body and taken back to Agra in a golden coffin with the help of their son Shah Shuja. There is nothing significant about it except the one fact that there is a grave that attracts the attention of many students of history. He then ruled from 1839 until his death in 1842. On 23 February 1633, the wedding presents worth Rupees 10 lakhs were displayed by Jahanara Begum and Sati-un-nissa Khanum. They were easy pickings for the rising Timurid Empire and its eponymous founder. Shahabuddin Muhammad Shah Jahan, Shah Jahan (شاه جهان, शाह जहाँ; 5 January 1592 – 22 January 1666) was the fifth Mughal Emperor of India. He died the next year, allowing Shah Shoja to occupy Isfahan. Dhaka, a city bursting with history and so rich in culture that most of it goes unnoticed over the hustle bustle of the now thriving metropolis. The Sikhs on their part reclaimed Peshawar. The marriage was arranged by Princess Jahanara Begum. On the restoration of Shah Shuja in 1839, Burnes became regular political agent at Kabul. He became the fifth Emir of Afghanistan. In July, Shuja Shah was narrowly defeated at Kandahar by the Afghans under Dost Mohammad Khan and fled. There is nothing significant about it except the one fact that there is a grave that attracts the attention of many students of history. Son of Timur Shah Durrani, Shuja Shah was of the Sadduzai line of the Abdali group of Ethnic Pashtuns. Though ShahJahan later recovered from his illness, A… Son of Timur Shah Durrani, Shuja Shah was of the Sadduzailine of … Shah Jahan had made it clear that his successor will be Dara Shikoh before falling ill. But when he was surrounded at Tandah and found that reorganisation of the army was no longer possible, he decided to leave Bengal for good and take shelter in Arakan. He had three sons - Sultan Zain-ul-Din (Bon Sultan or Sultan Bang), Buland Akhtar and Zainul Abidin; and four daughters - Gulrukh … Shuja left Tandah with his family and retinue in the afternoon of 6 April 1660 and reached Dhaka on 12 April. Shuja ud-Din Muhammad Khan was succeeded by his son, Sarfaraz Khan. Shuja Shah was of the Popalzai line of the Abdali group of Pashtuns.He became the fifth Emir of Afghanistan. Life. Genealogy for Sultan Muhammad Shah Shuja (1616 - 1661) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. [18] During the march on Kabul, the main British camp was attacked by a force of Ghazis, of whom 50 were captured. Padshah Sultan Shuja Shah Abdali Durrani (also known as Shah Shuja, Shoja Shah) (4 November 1785 – 5 April 1842) was ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1803 to 1809. [15], Shazada Muhammad Shah Shuja was appointed by Shah Jahan as the Subahdar of Bengal and Bihar from 1641 and of Orissa from 25 July 1648 until 1661. This made his brothers furious and almost immediately Shuja and Murad Baksh sought independent provinces and claimed their rightful share. After staying for a month, they departed from the city and boarded Arakanese ships on 12 May at Bhulua (near present-day Noakhali, Bangladesh). He is known as Shah Jahân, sometimes spelled Shah Jehan, but his offi… Shah Shuja first married Bilqis Banu Begum, the daughter of Rustam Mirza, on the night of Saturday, 5 March 1633. When Mahmud Shah's vizier Fateh Khan invaded Kashmir alongside Maharaja Ranjit Singh's army, he chose to leave with the Sikh army. He lies buried in Roshnibag in Murshidabad. Shahzadi Surayya Banu Begum (1621 - 1628). In the meantime, Aurangzeb defeated Dara twice (at Dharmat and Samugarh), caught him, executed him on a charge of heresy and ascended the throne. By this time, Emir Shah Shuja had been murdered by the supporters of Akbar Khan. Born January 5, 1592 in Lahore, he died on January 22, 1666 in Agra at the age of 74 years. [16] When Harlan pressed him on whatever he wanted to accept his offer or not, Shuja agreed. Quite the same Wikipedia. [7][8] She was the mother of two sons and three daughters,[9] namely, Prince Zain-ud-din Mirza, born on 28 October 1639; Prince Zain-ul-Abidin Mirza, born on 20 December 1645; Gulrukh Banu Begum (wife of Prince Muhammad Sultan), Raushan Ara Begum and Amina Banu Begum. [3], Shuja allied Afghanistan with the United Kingdom in 1809, as a means of defending against an invasion of Afghanistan and The Punjab by France. Badshah Mohinnudin Mohammed Aurangzeb (1618 - 1707). Shuja wore the Koh-i-Noor ("Mountain of Light") diamond in one of his bracelets when Elphinstone visited him, but rather undiplomatically described Shuja as having a "vulgar nose". [14] She was the mother of Shahzada Buland Akhtar, who was born in August 1645. He had three sons - Sultan Zain-ul-Din (Bon Sultan or Sultan Bang), Buland Akhtar and Zainul Abidin; and four daughters - Gulrukh … [21], After eight months and numerous excuses, Sanda Thudhamma's promise of ships did not materialise. He then killed rest of the contenders and declared himself as the emperor. Shah Shuja was brother to Jahanara Begum, Dara Shikoh, Roshanara Begum, Aurangzeb, Murad Baksh, Gauhara Begum and others. He stayed in Lahore from 1813 to 1814. 1635. [13] Despite or perhaps because he was mutilated, Shuja's grand vizier took a great deal of pleasure in mutilating others and was always inciting his master to have somebody mutilated. He occupied the city but soon gave up after he was struck by illness. Shuja ud-Din died on 26 August 1739 leaving behind two sons and two daughters. In the Muzaffarids empire, Death of Mubarazuddin Muhammad; accession of Shah Shuja. Shah Jahan became seriously ill in September 1658. To create an alliance with them, he married their "sister" Wafa Begum. Shuja marched to the capital again, this time against Aurangzeb. During his days of recovery, Dara Shikoh, one of his sons, assumed the role of the ruler. [13] When the American adventurer Dr. Josiah Harlan visited Shuja's court in exile he noted that all of Shuja's courtiers and slaves were missing some part of their bodies as all had in some way displeased their master at some point along the line, to whom they were all slavishly devoted to despite his abuse of them as Harlan noted that there was an "earless assemblage of mutes and eunuchs in the ex-king's service". [13] When Shuja went out for picnic with his four wives and the wind blew down his tent, Shuja flew into a rage and he had the man responsible for putting up his tent, Khwajah Mika-a slave from East Africa who had already had his ears chopped off-to be castrated on the spot as punishment for not erecting his tent more firmly, much to Harlan's horror. According to Mountstuart Elphinstone, "The King of Kabul [Shah Shuja] was a handsome man". He was the second son and child of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and his queen Mumtaz Mahal.. Shuja's siblings were Jahanara Begum, Dara Shikoh, Roshanara Begum, Aurangzeb, Murad Baksh, Gauhara Begum and others. Aree della Conoscenza KidS and TeenS Istruzione-Formazione Best Viewed With GFS! Shah Jahan became seriously ill in September 1658. [1] Mir Jumla reached Dhaka on 9 May 1660 and was then appointed by Aurangzeb as the next Subahdar of Bengal. Shah Jahan is the 5th Mughal emperor, coming after Bâbur, Humâyûn, Akbar, and Jahângîr, his father. His death coincided with the invasion of Delhi by Nader Shah. [19], Shuja and his entourage arrived in Arakan on 26 August 1660,[20] and were greeted at the capital, Mrauk U, with courtesy. During his days of recovery, Dara Shikoh, one of his sons, assumed the role of the ruler. He had three sons - Sultan Zain-ul-Din (Bon Sultan or Sultan Bang), Buland Akhtar and Zainul Abidin; and four daughters - Gulrukh Banu, Roshanara Begum and Amina Begum. Shuja's siblings were Jahanara Begum, Dara Shikoh, Roshanara Begum, Aurangzeb, Murad Baksh, Gauhara Begum and others. Shah Shuja (1639-1660 AD) Mughal viceroy of subah Bangla, was the second son of Emperor shahjahan and Empress Mumtaj Mahal. Piari Banu Begum and two of her daughters committed suicide. [21] He shut himself away in the Bala Hissar, Kabul, and on leaving it he was assassinated by Shuja ud-Daula, at the insistence of his uncle Oosman Khan on April 5, 1842[22][23][24], His Majesty Inayat-i-Ilahi Padshah Sultan Shah Shuja ul-Mulk Muhammad Bahadur,Abdali ,Dur-i-Durran, Padshah of Afghanistan, sfn error: no target: CITEREFHusain2018 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFDalrymple2012 (, Musée national de la Légion d'Honneur et des Ordres de Chevalerie, The British Library – Afghanistan 1809-1838: Sources in the India Office Records, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shah_Shujah_Durrani&oldid=990083621, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Daughter of Khan Bahadur Khan Malikdin Khel, Daughter of Sardar Haji Rahmatullah Khan Sardozai, Afghanistan in the Age of Empires by Farrukh Husain Silk Road Books (2018), This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 18:39. 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