And then he spells out the particulars by which it will be characterized as new. ... 2 Corinthians 3 2 Corinthians 3 Hebrews 8 Hebrews 8. 31:32). The New Covenant. A similar comparison is also made by his “figurative” contrast between Hagar and Sarah in Galatians 4:21–31. It will not be like the old covenant. We are about to embark in our study of 2 Corinthians, chapter 3, on a very, very important study. In the New Testament, Luke 22:20 states "Likewise, he took the cup after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you."".. We will consider merely three as we paint with very broad strokes in order to draw out the implications of Paul’s new covenant theology. Paul is even more pointed, however, in 2 Corinthians 3:1–18, where he explicitly contrasts the new and the old covenants, highlighting the vast inferiority of the old compared with with the surpassing glory and permanence of the new. There, he made a covenant with them. This is a covenant not of written laws, but of the Spirit. The New agreement between God and man, in contrast to the Old, requires circumcision (repentance) of the heart (Acts 2:38, 3:19, Romans 2:25 - 29, Philippians 3:3, Colossians 2:11 - 13) and the Holy Spirit is made freely available to believers (Matthew 5:21 - 48, Romans 7:6, Galatians 2:20, Hebrews 8:10 - 12). Some Important Points about the New Covenant Five points need to be made about the “New Covenant.” They are as follows: The New Covenant Was Instituted by the Death of Jesus Christ. Hebrews 7:22 Then the writer to the Hebrews says in Hebrews 8:13, “In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete.” He is promising a new covenant. (a) What four things did Jehovah promise through the Abrahamic covenant? 9. (2 Corinthians 3:5-6 TNIV) Believers today are ministers of a new covenant. The new covenant comes through the death of Jesus Christ. All that the Father has, He turned over to Jesus in the New Covenant (John 16:15). The old covenant and the Mosaic Law are now obsolete, for the new covenant supersedes the old covenant. 1. The moment we make Jesus our Lord, we enter into a blood-covenant relationship with God. 2 Corinthians 5:14-21 In Jesus’ death and resurrection, we see that true covenant faithfulness looks like self-giving love . However, 2 Corinthians 3 does reveal some of the most basic building blocks to the new covenant. When we receive, trust, and imitate the love of Jesus, we begin to live as the humans God created us to be. The old written covenant ends in death; but under the new covenant, the Spirit gives l Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. This is a hint that the new covenant community as a whole will exhibit a faithfulness to the new covenant that the old covenant community lacked. This came to be called “the old covenant” in relation to “the new covenant.” (2 Corinthians 3:14) By means of the old covenant, Jehovah administered in an illustrative way the fulfillment of his covenant with Abraham. For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second… 2 Corinthians 3:6-11 Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life… the mediator. In the Old Covenant, the priesthood covered or atoned for the sins of the Israelites—the breaking of the Law—through the shedding of the blood of animals. In 2 Corinthians 3, Paul makes a great deal of the supremacy of the New Covenant over the Old, showing how the New Covenant relies upon the working of God’s Spirit, rather than by our efforts, or by focusing on mere externals. Forgiveness of sins is now only in the new covenant through Jesus's death on the cross and resurrection. 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